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ICD Code: 493. Asthma



ICD Code: 493. Article Review
Title: Krauss NA; "Asthma Treatment: Use of Medications and Devices, 2000." Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD; Statistical Brief No.13; 6/04; http://www.meps/ahrq.gov/papers/st13/stat13.htm; p1
      LIFETIME AND 12-MONTH PREVALENCE: Asthma is a chronic lung disease caused by inflammation of the lower airways and episodes of airflow obstruction. Asthma episodes or attacks can vary from mild to life-threatening. Data from the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) show that about 25.3 million people (18.2 million adults aged 18 or older and 7.1 million children 0-17 years) have been told by a physician or other health care provider that they had asthma. Of those who were ever told that they had asthma, 6.5 million adults aged 18 or over and 3.2 million children 0-17 years had an asthma episode or an attack within the 12 months preceding the MEPS interview (active asthma).
      In 2000 about 3.5% of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population reported having an asthma episode or attack in the last 12 months (males, 2.8%; females, 4.1%). Children were more likely (4.4%) than adults (3.1%) to have active asthma. Among children, males were more likely (5.4%) than females (3.4%) to have active asthma. For adults, females were more than twice as likely as males to have active asthma (4.3% compared to 1.9%).
      TREATMENT: Among those with active asthma, 86.5% used an asthma medication (males, 85.1%; females, 87.5%). Children were more likely (91.2%) than adults (84.3%) to use asthma medication. Among those with active asthma, 49.8% reported using inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma (males, 41.8%; females, 55.1%). Over half (53.5%) of adults reported using inhaled steroids compared to 42.3% of children with active asthma. Nearly one-third (31.3%) of the population with active asthma also reported having a peak flow meter in the home (males, 24.8%; females, 35.5%; adults, 33.1%; children, 27.5%).
      DATA SOURCE: For more information about the MEPS, call the MEPS information coordinator at the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) (301-594-1406) or visit the MEPS Web site at http://www.meps/ahrq.gov/.

Search Criteria: Text - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD; Statistical Brief No.13; 6/04; http://www.meps/ahrq.gov/papers/st13/stat13.htm; p1