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ICD Code: 493. Asthma



ICD Code: 493. Article Review
Title: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; "Asthma Prevalence and Control Characteristics by Race/Ethnicity---United States, 2002." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; V.53; No.7; 2/27/04; p145
      STUDY DESIGN: To assess asthma prevalence and asthma-control characteristics among racial/ethnic populations, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed 2002 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). BRFSS is a state-based, random-digit-dialed telephone survey of the noninstitutionalized, civilian U.S. population aged 18 years and older. The survey collects information about modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases and other leading causes of death. This report summarizes the results of that analysis. In 2002, the median response rate for all 54 reporting areas was 58.3%.
      PREVALENCE BY RACE: The overall current asthma prevalence in the 19 areas using the adult asthma module without race/ethnicity stratification was 7.3%, compared with 7.6% for all 54 reporting areas. Current asthma prevalence in the 19 areas ranged from 4.7% to 9.1%. Current asthma was highest among non-Hispanic respondents of multiple races (15.6%), followed by non-Hispanic American Indians/Alaska Natives (11.6%), non-Hispanic blacks (9.3%), non-Hispanic whites (7.6%), non-Hispanic persons of "other" race/ethnicity (7.2%), Hispanics (5.0%), non-Hispanic Asians (2.9%), and non-Hispanic Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (1.3%). Hispanic respondents in Puerto Rico reported higher current asthma (11.6%) than Hispanic respondents in the 19 areas using the adult asthma module (5.0%) and Hispanic respondents in the 50 states and DC (5.5%).
      DISCUSSION: Comprehensive state-specific asthma surveillance data are necessary to identify disparities in asthma prevalence and asthma-control characteristics among racial/ethnic populations, and to develop targeted public health interventions.

Search Criteria: Text - Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; V.53; No.7; 2/27/04; p145