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ICD Code: 691.8 Other atopic dermatitis (atopic eczema); allergy; allergic reaction



ICD Code: 691.8 Article Review
Title: Kawada T; "Risk Factors and Prevalence of Asthma or Atopic Dermatitis in Young Children by a Questionnaire Survey." Journal of Nippon Medical School; V.71; No.3; 2004; p167
      STUDY DESIGN: A large-scale survey was conducted to assess contributing factors in atopic disorders in addition to the prevalence of asthma and atopic dermatitis (AD) in children aged four years and under. 24,631 children aged four and under in 70 towns in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, were surveyed. Members of prefectural health centers distributed the self-administered questionnaire with the support of public health nurses in each local government area. The response rate was 70.7%.
      PEDIATRIC PREVALENCE OF ASTHMA AND ATOPIC DERMATITIS (JAPAN): The change in the prevalence of asthma by increasing age was reported as follows for boys versus girls: age 0, 0.6% vs 0.4%; age 1, 2.1% vs 1.2%; age 2, 2.8% vs 1.7%; age 3, 6.0% vs 2.5%; total, 2.6% vs 1.3%.
      The change in the prevalence of AD by increasing age was reported as follows for boys versus girls: age 0, 5.0% vs 2.7%; age 1, 6.0% vs 4.9%; age 2, 8.1% vs 3.1%; age 3, 5.9% vs 4.8%; total, 5.8% vs 3.9%.
      Prevalence of asthma increased linearly and significantly with the increasing age of the patient. In contrast, the prevalence of AD did not increase linearly with age. The prevalence of asthma in the cities was 2.9% among boys and 1.2% among girls. The prevalence in towns or villages was 2.3% among boys and 1.4% among girls. The prevalence of asthma among subjects who had AD was 5.1%, whereas the prevalence of asthma among subjects who had no AD was 1.8%.
      In the case of AD, male sex, increasing age, family history of AD, and living at higher altitudes (100 meters or higher) significantly contributed to an increase in the risk of the disease.

Search Criteria: Text - Journal of Nippon Medical School; V.71; No.3; 2004; p167